Whether you are involved in a fire while visiting a business or after you’re hit by another driver, there is a risk that you could develop severe burns. Even minor burns can be excruciating and require intensive care that can be expensive and time-consuming.
Burns can happen for many reasons ranging from touching hot objects to being subjected to acidic chemicals. Treatment will depend on the cause of the burn as well as its severity and the damage that it has caused.
What are the types of burns?
Burns are categorized into three levels in most cases. These include:
- First-degree burns
- Second-degree burns
- Third-degree burns
These burns vary in severity. A first-degree burn is minor and only affects the outer layer of the skin. While it can be painful, it’s not usually dangerous.
However, as a burn injury worsens, there are greater dangers to the patient.
Second-degree burns and trauma care
Second-degree burns do need to be seen by a medical professional. These burns go through the epidermis and dermis. They are painful and may cause scarring.
Blisters are common with second-degree burns. They may also be red, white and splotchy.
Third-degree burns and trauma care
Third-degree burns are the worst. A third-degree burn is a full-thickness burn. This means that it goes through all the layers of the skin and may begin to damage the underlying organs, muscles, tendons or bones. Since the nerves are destroyed, people with severe burns may have no pain at all in that area.
When is a burn a major injury?
A burn is a major injury when it affects at least 15 to 20% of an adult’s body or if it affects 10% of a child’s body. Second- and third-degree burns are the most likely to require hospitalization and treatment from a medical professional.
What should you do after a burn injury?
Even if your burn doesn’t seem painful or serious, you should have it looked at by a medical professional. If you suffered that burn as a result of a car crash or other accident, you may be able to hold the at-fault party responsible for any financial impact this injury has on you.